by Claire Hyne
The story occurs at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries. Kitty Jay was a pauper girl from the workhouse at Newton Abbot. She was apprenticed out to a household at Canna Farm, near Manaton, on the eastern edges of Dartmoor where the son of the house seduced her and she became besotted by him and then pregnant. Two hundred years ago it was total disgrace to get pregnant outside marriage and because of that no one would help her.
The young man refused to admit to any involvement. He, his family and the Church despised and disowned her, and in her total despair she committed suicide by hanging herself from a beam in a building on the farm.
The Church denied her a Christian burial in consecrated ground and she had to be buried at a cross road on the Parish Boundary. She still lies at the crossways where the parishes of Widecombe and Manaton meet and there are always fresh flowers on her grave.
Jay’s Grave was the inspiration for John Galsworthy‘s short story The Apple Tree, written in 1916. John Galsworthy (14 August 1867—31 January 1933) was an English novelist and playwright. Notable works include The Forsyte Saga (1906—1921) and its sequels, A Modern Comedy and End of the Chapter. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1932.
The story of Jay is laid out in Beatrice Chase’s novel The Heart of the Moor, published in 1914.
Celia Ann Leaman
Leaman was born in Moretonhampstead and now lives in Canada. She based her novel Mary’s Child around the legend of Kitty Jay. Mary’s Child was nominated for the Frankfurt Ebook awards.
Music and theatre:
Kitty Jay musical (Gillian Webster and Ruth Way, MED Theatre)
Grave Intimations (the MED Theatre film about Kitty Jay)
In the 1970s, knowledge of the legend prompted Martin Turner of British rock band Wishbone Ash to write the lyrics to a song called “Lady Jay” which appears on the band’s 1974 album There’s the Rub. Here is an extract from ‘Lady Jay’ –
“Hear me when I cry,
Listen to my song
Of Jay, my lovely lady,
To the earth she did belong.
I, a country Sir
Loved her all my life,
But the manor lady’s bright young son
Couldn’t take her for his wife. “
Seth Lakeman’s album ‘Kitty Jay’ was short listed for the 2005 Mercury Music Prize. It was a low tech album recorded in three weeks in his brother’s kitchen for £300. The album is inspired by folk tales from Lakeman’s native Dartmoor. The eponymous track is the most rousing of the album with sharp fiddling from Lakeman. Here is an extract from the Kitty Jay track –
“Poor Kitty Jay such a beauty thrown away
So young and fair now she’s turned to dust and clay
Terror broke her sleep. “